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Introduction 2

Features medieval philosophy 4

Confirmation of the existence of God in the concept of Anselm of Canterbury 4

Confirmation of the existence of God in the philosophy of Thomas Aquinas 5

Criticism of the proofs of the existence of God Immanuel Kant 11

Conclusion 14

References 15

By the era of the Middle Ages is understood a long history-agency period, the scope of which includes the birth and formation of Europe-tion of medieval civilization and the long process of its transfor-mation - the transition to modern times. Medieval Era begin TRADITION-tionally with a conditional date - the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 g .. But according to modern medievalists, more true to draw the line somewhere k.VI - nach.VII century, after the invasion of the Lombards in Italy. End of the period of the Middle Ages in the national historiography is usually considered to be the middle of the English bourgeois revolution of the XVII century. Ho-cha last century before it has a specific, not medieval Jun-you. Therefore, modern scholars are inclined to devote time ser.XVI - early. XVII centuries. As an independent era of early modern times and a limited Chiva eve of his story is actually the middle ages. Thus, the Middle Ages - the period VII-XV centuries. While this periodization is largely conventional. The role of the church in the life of Western European medieval obshchest-wa, which many historians call a Christian society or hri-stianskim worlds was comprehensive: religion and the church was filled with whole life of the feudal era, from birth to death. Church ready-Dov to ensure that govern society and performs a variety of functions, which later became owned by the state. Medieval church to la organized on a strictly hierarchical basis. At the head of it was a Roman priest - the pope, who had their own government in Central Ita-Leah, he was subordinate to the archbishops and bishops in all European countries. They were Largest feudal lords possessed whole kingdoms and-proper to the top of the feudal society. Monopolize on-society consisting mainly of soldiers and farmers culture, now-ku, literacy, the church had more resources, to obey her man feudal era. Cleverly taking advantage of these tools, church co-focal point in its own hands enormous power: the lords and gentlemen, in need of her help, showered her with gifts and benefits, are trying to "buy" her placement and promotion. Provide spiritual quest media-Ages man outside the church impossible. Specifically, knowledge of the world and of God, inspired by the ideals of the church, it has given rise to a colorful, diverse, lively culture of the Middle Ages. Specifically, the church created the institutions and schools, encourage theological debates and printing.
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