1. Tikal as a legacy of the Maya 5
2. The Architecture Of Tikal 9
3. The flora and fauna of Tikal 21
List of sources used 25
National parks are declared areas, which include natural complexes and the objects having special ecological, historical and aesthetic value and intended for use in environmental, educational, scientific, cultural purposes and for regulated tourism.
National parks located around the world. In Guatemala to be rather few environmental areas, but each of them truly unique. National parks of Tikal, Rio Dulce, Quirigua and Atitlan are not only involved in protection of natural systems, but also to store on its territory a huge number of historical monuments remaining from the ancient cultures of pre-Columbian America.
TIC al is one of the largest Mayan sites, the capital Motulski, the Kingdom. Situated in the province El petén, Guatemala. An Indian village existed from the VII century BC In V — IX centuries BC the city of PE-DIL among the main centers of the Mayan culture. Researchers estimate that the population at this time ranged from 100 to 200 thousand people. By the end of the X century, after a series of uprisings, the city was finally abandoned by the inhabitants. Name Tik al in the Mayan language means "place where the voices of the spirits." In hieroglyphic inscriptions mention the more ancient name of the city Yax-Motul — "green bundle".
TIC al and the surrounding area was included by the government of Guatemala in a single-owned national Park. In 1979, the national Park is included in the world heritage list of UNESCO.
The object of the national parks of the world.
Subject - national Park TIC al.
The aim of this work is to study the characteristics of the national Park TIC al.
1. consider Tikal as the Mayan;
2. describe the architecture of Tikal;
3. to characterize the flora and fauna of Tikal.
The structure of the work consists of introduction, 3 paragraphs, conclusion, list of used sources and applications.
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